Donald Trump gave his first speech at the United Nations.
Irony: the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
Henry Watson Fowler, in The King's English, says, "any definition of irony—though hundreds might be given, and very few of them would be accepted—must include this, that the surface meaning and the underlying meaning of what is said are not the same."
Also, Eric Partridge, in Usage and Abusage, writes that "Irony consists in stating the contrary of what is meant."
Let’s examine Trump’s speech; his words will be in italics, below.
Verbal Irony is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker employs is sharply different from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.
We have it in our power, should we so choose, to lift millions from poverty, to help our citizens realize their dreams, and to ensure that new generations of children are raised free from violence, hatred, and fear.
We do not expect diverse countries to share the same cultures, traditions, or even systems of government…
Strong sovereign nations let diverse countries with different values, different cultures, and different dreams not just coexist, but work side by side on the basis of mutual respect.
In America, we do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone…
For example, it is a massive source of embarrassment to the United Nations that some governments with egregious human rights records sit on the UN Human Rights Council.
Tragic irony is a special category of dramatic irony. In tragic irony, the words and actions of the characters contradict the real situation, which the spectators fully realize.
Rogue regimes represented in this body not only support terror but threaten other nations and their own people with the most destructive weapons known to humanity.
International criminal networks traffic drugs, weapons, people, force dislocation and mass migration, threaten our borders and new forms of aggression exploit technology to menace our citizens.
[The United States Constitution] has been the foundation of peace, prosperity, and freedom for the Americans and for countless millions around the globe…
In America, the people govern, the people rule, and the people are sovereign.
…we can no longer be taken advantage of or enter into a one-sided deal where the United States gets nothing in return.
Our citizens have paid the ultimate price to defend our freedom and the freedom of many nations represented in this great hall.
…we did not seek territorial expansion or attempt to oppose and impose our way of life on others.
We want harmony and friendship, not conflict and strife.
[Regarding Iran] …it is far past time for the nations of the world to confront another reckless regime, one that speaks openly of mass murder, vowing death to America, destruction to Israel, and ruin for many leaders and nations in this room.
It is time for the entire world to join us in demanding that Iran's government end its pursuit of death and destruction.
…in Saudi Arabia early last year, I was greatly honored to address the leaders of more than 50 Arab and Muslim nations. We agreed that all responsible nations must work together to confront terrorists and the Islamic extremism that inspires them.
We must deny the terrorists safe haven, transit, funding, and any form of support for their vile and sinister ideology.
In Syria and Iraq, we have made big gains toward lasting defeat of ISIS.
The actions of the criminal regime of Bashar al-Assad, including the use of chemical weapons against his own citizens, even innocent children…
Situational irony is a relatively modern use of the term, and describes a sharp discrepancy between the expected result and actual results in a certain situation.
It is time for all nations to work together to isolate the Kim regime until it ceases its hostile behavior.
My administration recently announced that we will not lift sanctions on the Cuban government until it makes fundamental reforms.
Certain of Trump’s statements fall into a category all their own:
The United States has great strength and patience, but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy North Korea.
The Iran deal was one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the United States has ever entered into. Frankly, that deal is an embarrassment to the United States, and I don't think you've heard the last of it. Believe me.
I have also totally changed the rules of engagement in our fight against the Taliban and other terrorist groups.
We have also imposed tough calibrated sanctions on the socialist Maduro regime in Venezuela, which has brought a once thriving nation to the brink of total collapse.
Oppressive regimes cannot endure forever…
We can only hope.